Alice Guy-Blaché was a French pioneer filmmaker, active from the late 19th century, and one of the first to make a narrative fiction film.
She was the first woman to direct a film. From 1896 to 1906, she was probably the only female filmmaker in the world. She experimented with Gaumont's Chronophonesync-sound system, and with color-tinting, interracial casting, and special effects.
She was artistic director and a co-founder of Solax Studios in Flushing, New York. In 1912, Solax invested $100,000 for a new studio in Fort Lee, New Jersey, the center of American filmmaking prior to the establishment of Hollywood. That year, she made the film A Fool and His Money, probably the first to have an all-African-American cast. The film is now at the National Center for Film and Video Preservation at the American Film Institute. The project / documentary Be Natural: The Untold Story of Alice Guy-Blaché was launched with a successful Kickstarter campaign. The 2018 documentary about the first female filmmaker was directed by Pamela B. Green.